Mosquitoes and sand flies can become a threat when populations are allowed to increase in a recreation area. Prior to developing a control strategy, preliminary site evaluations need to have four primary components addressed:


  1. Establishment of Surveillance: A Surveillance program provides information necessary for assessing target pest populations and determining the need for control.

  2. Assessing the Overall Threat and Nuisance Impact: Accurately determining the overall threat and nuisance impact relies on the availabililty of background information and data from the surveillance program.
  3. Designing Effective Control Programs: An effective control program functions best when it is built around background information and results of the surveillance program to make decisions about the need for controls.
  4. Potential Source/Solid Waste Reduction: In many instances, managing habitats prior to adult emergence as a preventative measure is preferable to dealing with a full-blown problem at a later date. If possible, reduction of mosquito breeding sources will be considered. Methods that result in minimal impact will have priority and in some instances may enhance existing natural controls saving time and money.


Monitoring a specific area and the species on the property must be completed before assessing the overall threat


After surveillance data has been analyzed, one can determine if treatment is required.